BioChain project provides tools that significantly contribute to achievement of a 4-fold increase in Danish biogas production, which is the target of the Danish governments energy plan.Energy from biogas is needed in periods with little wind energy and for the transport sector.The results contribute to the development of resilient and economically viable biogas production platforms. Bioenergy production and GHG reductions are invariably related to biomass composition and the biomass management chain from production in agriculture,households and industries to field application. Therefore, the new platforms will be developed through value chain modelling that identifies barriers to biogas production and proposes actions to remove these. The value chain encompasses the stages biomass production/collection, transport, pre-treatment, biogas production, transport, energy conversion, energy carrier substitution and end use of residues. The value chain of biomass management in biogas production will be supported by a new method for characterising the vast variety of biomass available in order to assess:
1) The biogas production potential of traditional and alternative feedstocks with and without pre-treatment; and 2) effects on downstream GHG emissions and carbon sequestration through field application of residues
The novel integration of value chain and new biomass characterisation will help identify barriers to biogas production at technical and political levels. The technological and decision support deliverables will be in a form suitable for use by operators, consultants, project developers, public administrators and politicians to optimise biogas plant economics and support knowledge-based political decision-making on biogas production.
Biochain project provides the theoretical and methodological scientific knowledge needed to develop and implement the value chain framework and computational models that can generate valid information of high relevance for political decision making, investors, stakeholders in the environmental and biotechnology market, and scientists. The project will support decision-making in the area of policies and regulations of biomass use for energy production, and meet the urgent need for comprehensive methodology that has the potential to become recognised as an international standard for assessing GHG emissions reduction from biogas treatment. Investors will gain insights into the business potential of alternative biogas production and end-use technologies and the barriers to developing biogas production.
An innovative framework of integrated assessment tools and analytical procedures will be developed. The multiple innovative value will be:
I) development of a dynamic value chain computational assessment of the whole biomass management chain from collection and biogas production to use of biogas and fermentate
II) new analytical procedures for essential characterisation of organic matter pools in biomass and assessment of its biogas production potential and environmental impact
III) integration of economics calculations into value chain models and analysis of biogas production at plant scale and national scale, including effects on GHG emissions
IV) validation of the integrated assessment solution in full-scale biogas plants. The scientific approach and practical validation will ensure the strategic relevance of the project.
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